April 20, 2006

Dogs – Vaccination Roles and Information

Vaccination and its Important Role in a Dog’s Life

Active immunization is the introduction into the body of killedor satisfied microorganisms or their products for the purpose ofstimulating the body’s defense mechanism. This concept is alsoapplicable to other species like the dogs.

Historically the area of veterinary medicine had not yetrealized the potential benefits of vaccinations. It hasn’t beenuntil recently, that veterinary experts formulated certainsolutions so as to combat the alarming increase of death indigs. Namely, most of the causes are viral infection.

With the inception of vaccinations, many dogs were saved fromprobable death brought about by many diseases likeleptospirosis, hepatitis, upper respiratory infections, andparvovirus.

Like humans, dogs need vaccinations even at an early age. Thatis why it is important to immunize puppies so that they willsurvive until they are fully grown.

Basically, puppies get their immunity from their mother’s milk,which is also the same as that of human beings. However, theseimmunities tend to lose their effects by the time the puppiesare already 6 to 20 weeks old. It is during this time that theyhave to be immunized.

Hence, in order to protect the puppies against infectiousdiseases, it is best to give them their shots and they should bere-immunized after 3 to 4 weeks. In this way, the puppies willbe able to endure any infectious disease that may come their way.

Rabies and Immunization

Rabies is an acute and almost invariably fatal diseasecommunicated to man through the saliva of a rabid animal,usually dogs, foxes, squirrels, and bats.

Dogs, fortunately, always present evidence of the disease beforebecoming infective. The etiologic agent is an ultramicroscopicvirus present in the saliva and the central nervous system.

The course of rabies in dogs is characterized by an incubationperiod of 20 to 30 days. This is followed by a period ofexcitement, when the animal becomes vicious. The excitementstage may be evident at all or may be entirely absent. Paralysisthen develops, first involving the hind legs and thereafterbecoming general. Death occurs within 10 days following thefirst symptom.

Alternatively, the effects of rabies in human beings can befatal as it is with dogs. Hence, in order to avoid theseproblems, it is best to have your dogs vaccinated withanti-rabies shots.

Rabies vaccines can be given during the 16th to the 26th week ofthe puppies. This requires a follow up shot one year after fortotal protection.

On the other hand, dog owners should take note that not allvaccinations will generate adverse effects on their dogs. So, itis best to always observe your dog after vaccination. Whencertain reactions occur like vomiting, facial swelling, ortrembling, it is best to discuss these matters immediately withyour veterinarian.

Moreover, certain precautions should also be made when the ageof the dogs are taken into consideration. For some guidesregarding this matter, here are some tips:

1. The age of puppies

It is best to consider the puppies age before subjecting them totheir shots.

For puppies that are 4 to 20 weeks old, their first shots shouldbe given during their 6th to 8th weeks of age. The last shotsshall be given on the 14th to 16th week of age. These date applyto all primary vaccines.

For rabies, puppies should be 16 to 26 weeks old.

2. For dogs that are 20 weeks old up to 2 years old

During this age, dogs should have received their booster shotsalready. This is essential so as to lengthen the immunity of thevaccines in the dog’s system. At this stage, additional vaccinesare recommended for added protection such as vaccines againstbordetella and other newer vaccines.

3. For dogs that are older than 2 years

By this time, the dogs should have been through with theirbooster shots. What comes next is the annual revaccination.These kinds of vaccines are still recommended so as to lengthentheir protection against certain diseases.

The bottom line is that vaccinations are extremely important toyour dog’s life. Like the way it functions in human beings,vaccines are needed in order to protect the dogs from imminentrisk of acquiring diseases brought about by viruses.

With dog vaccines, you can be assured that your dog will be atits peak of health for a longer period of time, free from anylife-threatening diseases. Indeed, with vaccines every life islengthened.

About the author:

Jay is the web owner of http://www.dog-training-tips.org Dog Training Tips , awebsite that provides information and resources on dog training,puppy training, and more. You can also visit his website at:http://www.petmall.us PetMall for pet supplies.

Jay Bauder

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